7 minutes reading time (1317 words)


By Toby Threadgill, Takamura-ha Shindo Yoshin-ryu

Recently I was introduced to a gentleman interested in martial arts training. He was not really aware of what I teach or of what constitutes Nihon Koryu Jujutsu. He just assumed that because I taught it, that I must believe it to be "the best". When I told him I did not believe the art I taught to be "the best", an uncomfortable silence ensued. I finally broke this taciturn moment by explaining that there is actually no such thing as a "best" martial art. Despite a noble effort to grasp what I was talking about, the gentleman in question eventually regressed, unable to shake the impression that if I was not convinced that what I taught was superior to all other forms of martial arts, that I was somehow unworthy of teaching him. I politely encouraged him to look around, consider what I had said and contact me again if he had any further questions. A few days later I received an e-mail from this gentleman in which he explained that he had indeed found someone convinced that they taught the ultimate style of martial arts. It was called "mixed martial arts" because it embodied only the best of all the styles. I just smiled to myself as I politely responded, congratulating him on his fortuitous discovery.

An ultimate martial art, huh? Now there’s an oxymoron for you. Every martial art is ultimately based on assumptions. In fact any training program formulated to address conflict is based on assumptions. It’s kinda like the old joke about bringing a knife to a gun fight. No matter how good you are, your assumptions define your training paradigm. Narrow your assumptions and you specialise, gaining the opportunity to excel at one task. Broaden your assumptions and you might be able address many different situations but at what level of expertise? It’s an intriguing dilemma isn’t it? Specialise, and be defeated by someone outside your strengths. Be a generalist and some specialist will hand you your head on a platter. What’s a martial artist to do?

Years ago my teacher Yukio Takamura taught a seminar which touched upon this topic. The seminar subject was a comparison between sport budo and classical budo. During the lunch break a young karateka and wrestler, I’ll call Donny, loudly dismissed Takamura Sensei’s teachings as antiquated nonsense. In response to this pronouncement Takamura shook his head and chuckled while fiddling with his shoes. Donny, rather brash and full of bravado turned to Takamura Sensei and said, "Now don’t get me wrong old man, your stuff is fun to watch and all but your jujutsu is no match for my karate and wrestling. Takamura flashed a devilish smile at Donny and said, "Okay, show me". Donny backed off a bit at this unexpected challenge and said "Well, I’m not going to fight you, you’re too old. How about him" pointing at Dave Maynard. Takamura responded "No, you were talking about my jujutsu, not his. I want you to show me." Rather pensively Donny strolled out onto the dojo mat with Takamura Sensei as a hushed silence overtook the room. At first Donny appeared reluctant to do anything but when he noticed that all eyes were on him he revved up his courage and proceeded to execute a very nice double leg takedown, climbing up on what at first appeared to be a rather startled Takamura Sensei. As Donny attempted to continue his seemingly successful offense we noticed something flick around Donny’s neck. Suddenly, Donny tried to pull away, his head turning as red as a ripe tomato. In a few seconds he fell over wheezing. At that point we realized that a shoelace was resting tightly around Donny’s neck. Where had it come from? Takamura had secreted the shoelace in his sleeve and then executed a simple choke with it. As he revived Donny from his impromptu slumber he explained to the stunned witnesses that Donny had missed the point of the seminar altogether and made a dangerous assumption. He assumed that this was a contest with rules and that Takamura sensei was unarmed. The most interesting thing to me about this whole incident was that Takamura had deliberately pulled the shoelace from his shoe, placed it in his sleeve in plain sight and not one of us noticed. What a lesson rich incident this was…

Now I’m sure that some MMA proponents will roll their eyes at this interlude and remark that it proves nothing. They will say venues like Pride and UFC prove you must do everything in budo well and that Takamura Sensei with a shoelace couldn’t defeat the likes of Matt Hughes or Sakuraba. That’s probably true and sounds convincing enough but such a dismissal misses the point. The truth is that to be successful in a venue like the UFC your time is best spent training to confront the challenges you ASSUME you will meet in the ring. Training outside such an assumption is a waste of time. However, drop a Portuguese knife fighter into the UFC ring and the mixed martial arts guy will realise he’s really not a mixed martial artist after all, but instead a specialist in unarmed sport conflict who hasn’t "mixed" expertise in knife fighting into his supposedly mixed martial art.

Those nasty old assumptions…
Now don’t get me wrong, I greatly admire the technical efficacy and extreme level of physical training the serious MMA practitioners like those in Pride or UFC display but outside the paradigm they train for they can be just as vulnerable as anyone else. It’s not the individual version of MMA itself that made guys like Rickson Gracie, Ken Shamrock, Sakuraba or Matt Hughes champions. It’s really their creativity within each venues rules and the extreme level of training they have devoted to obtaining their skills. Each of these guys within the paradigm of what they do has trained himself to an extreme level. That’s the real secret to the best style of budo… Training intensity!

So don’t get hung up in training in the ultimate martial art. You will be chasing assumptions forever. Instead pick an art that makes assumptions in line with what you value or desire and then train with a level of dedication equal to what you expect to get from your martial art. If you’re a police officer this will probably be a very different from a college professor.

In the case of the gentleman who contacted me in search of the ultimate martial art, I guess it is human nature to seek out someone else’s version of what’s best when one has scant experience to base an opinion on, but it is amusing to note how many people studying martial arts beyond a beginners level fail to progress beyond the myopic view that there could be any such thing as an ultimate martial art.

Remember, the only accurate assumption in budo is that your assumptions are never 100% correct.

This article has been reproduced with the permission of Toby Threadgill.

threadgill_tToby Threadgill-sensei began training under Takamura Yukiyoshi, headmaster of Takamura-ha Shindo Yoshin-ryu (TSYR), in 1985. In 1992 he founded the Soryushin Dojo and in 1994 was appointed a branch director of the Takamura-ha Shindo Yoshin Kai. In 1999, he was one of three people to be awarded a menkyo kaiden (teaching license) in Takamura-ha Shindo Yoshin-ryu. Following the passing of Takamura Yukiyoshi in 2000, he was asked by the other TSYR branch directors to accept the position of administrative head (kaicho) of the Takamura-ha Shindo Yoshin Kai. He currently oversees instruction at the Shindo Yoshin Kai Hombu Dojo in Evergreen, Colorado, and maintains a busy international teaching schedule. There is more information on this classical system at the Takamura-ha Shindo Yoshin Kai web site (http://www.shinyokai.com/home.htm) and there is a very good interview with Threadgill-sensei available at Aikido Journal at http://www.aikidojournal.com/article...ght=threadgill.


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This topic seems to be a heated argument on nearly every martial arts forum..."Which martial art is the best?" Sensei Threadgill has thought a step beyond, showing that the entire argument is based on false assumptions. This is a clear...

This topic seems to be a heated argument on nearly every martial arts forum..."Which martial art is the best?" Sensei Threadgill has thought a step beyond, showing that the entire argument is based on false assumptions. This is a clear explanation with vivid examples, and should be read by every artist.

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C. Peikari
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site

A very good article!
The word 'martial', as in martial art originates from 'Mars' the god of war. So all things martial are warlike and the purpose of war is to defeat the enemy by use of deadly force; therefore all martial training is deadly.

A very good article!
The word 'martial', as in martial art originates from 'Mars' the god of war. So all things martial are warlike and the purpose of war is to defeat the enemy by use of deadly force; therefore all martial training is deadly.
'Martial art' is the training in deadly force with safety parameters so as not to kill your training partner. All martial art styles can be deadly, whether they are or not depends on the situation a person finds themselves in, the person using it, the intention of the attacker and their fighting skills.
Taekwondo is a good example. The art is relatively young, it was formulated in the 1940's and 50's and was taught to the Korean army specifically for hand to hand combat and was used for killing and incapacitating during the Korean war.
It's often said that you can't use flashy spinning kicks for actual defence and nowadays that is probably true, but in the sixties and early seventies they were used very effectively during real defence; knock-outs , broken jaws and hospital visits were not uncommon. Then as those techniques became more popular they were less effective because people began to understand how they were used and adjusted their distances accordingly.
All martial arts have to be softened in order to be taught and the knowledge passed on. The term softened is used in the context of the degree of pain, injury and serious harm that can be inflicted whilst teaching someone martial art techniques, and that softer art is what we learn. Even MMA fighters wear gloves for safety. So! It would seem that we will never really know how deadly any particular art can be unless it has to be used in a life and death situation.

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Comment was last edited about 6 years ago by Big Boss Trevor Dicks
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